How to feed roses in autumn

roses in autumn

The abundant flowering of rose bushes can be both a joy for the gardener and stress for the plant.

What to feed roses in autumn so that next year they will please you again with numerous lush buds?

For autumn fertilizing roses are suitable phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, which help plants to better resist diseases and cold, and improve the maturation of wood. Calcium will also not be superfluous. However, nitrogen fertilizers should never be used in the fall, as they stimulate the growth of the green mass, which, in turn, will prevent the plants from preparing for winter.

During the rainiest season of the year, you can fertilize rose bushes twice: in late August and early September (as soon as the blossoms have finished) and in late September or October. There are different ways to apply fertilizer. You can dissolve them in water, and then conduct a root and foliar feeding. You can also sprinkle pellets on the ground or embed them in the soil. Or you can step back from the stem 15 cm and carefully, so as not to damage the roots, make a circular furrow, which will later be filled with a mixture of fertilizer and black earth. In this way, the plant will receive all the necessary substances gradually.

Topdressing for roses

An undoubted advantage of foliar feeding is that the plants quickly get the necessary nutrients, but the composition of the soil does not change. To feed roses in the autumn, dissolve 50 g of superphosphate in 1 liter of hot water, add another 10 liters of water and spray the leaves.

You can also use potassium monophosphate (5 g) and superphosphate (5 g) dissolved in 10 liters of water.

Roses in autumn: care and preparation for winter cover-up

All the truth about caring for roses in the fall and preparing plants for winter.

Few plants like ash as much as roses. Therefore, it will be useful to spray your beauties in the fall with an ash solution. For foliar feeding, 200 g of ash is dissolved in 10 liters of water.

It is important to remember that spraying plants in the daytime, when the sun is particularly active, can cause leaf scorch. And spraying too late (after dusk) can provoke the development of fungus, as the moisture simply does not have time to evaporate.

Root Fertilizing Roses

To fertilize roses before the onset of cold weather, you can use ready-made complex fertilizers. They can be liquid and granular. The former is better absorbed by plants, but the latter tend to have a prolonged action, dissolving and penetrating into the soil gradually.

It is also easy to make a balanced fertilizer yourself. For autumn root dressing you can dilute 16 g of potassium monophosphate and 15 g of superphosphate in 10 liters of water. Usually, this composition is enough to feed the plants in an area of 4-5 square meters.

Alternatively, you can use potassium sulfate (10 g), superphosphate (25 g), and boric acid (2.5 g) diluted in 10 liters of water. However, in this case, it is important to be extremely responsive to comply with the dosage, because an excess of boric acid can cause burns to the roots and lead to a disruption of the vegetation.

Folk application methods for roses

Among folk methods, yeast dressing has proven itself quite well. To prepare this fertilizer, 10 g of dry yeast and 2 tablespoons of sugar should be dissolved in 10 liters of warm water. After two hours, 50 liters of water should be added to this infusion, after which the plants can be watered.

Immediately afterward, the ground around the rose bushes should definitely be sprinkled with ash, as the yeast infusion actively removes potassium from the soil.

Some gardeners bury banana peels under rose bushes or near them, which contain a significant amount of potassium.

Feeding roses with large amounts of organic matter in the fall is not recommended.

Extremely popular among rose growers and wood ash as a fertilizer. It can be sprinkled on the soil around the rose bushes (on average, 1 sq.m. goes 3-liter can). And you can water the roses with an ash solution (100 grams of ash per 10 liters of water). Ash from burning sunflower and buckwheat stalks contains a lot of potassium and wood ash contains a lot of calcium. In addition, ashes contain manganese, zinc, boron, and other trace elements that are good for plants.

You can also use decomposed compost which is placed on top of the soil without covering it with soil. This fertilizer will gradually decompose, slowly giving nutrients to the roots of the plant and nourishing the rose bush throughout the winter.


In addition, compost will serve as mulch, providing additional protection from frost. On average about 4kg of compost per square meter.

Do not forget that autumn rose care includes not only fertilizing but also pruning, mowing, pest control, and winter coverings.

About the Author: Amanda Johnson

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