Not the least importance in the design of the site is given to vertical gardening.
Most often it is used to decorate fences and fences, and sometimes even the walls of outbuildings. Planting climbing plants – the fastest and most common way to decorate the fence. Shoots of lianas, their lush foliage, or bright flowers can make even the plainest fence beautiful. In addition, such plants usually remain attractive throughout the season.
In addition to its decorative function, a climbing fence or trellis can serve other purposes. Such living decoration is often used to mask the old fence or unsightly corners of the site. A green “wall” also helps to isolate the territory of the garden from prying eyes, detains noise and dust from the street, and helps to shade the surrounding area.
There are many climbing plants that can decorate a wall or fence. These include both annual and perennial species. Although annuals grow much faster, using perennials eliminates the annual hassle of planting renewals. Choosing a crop to plant along the fence should be guided by site-specific conditions. Both the peculiarities of the climate and the height of the fence, its direction, as well as the degree of light will be important. All plants suitable for growing near such support can be divided into several main groups.
Climbing plants with flowers
Plants of this type combine beautiful foliage with numerous flowers or decorative fruits. Due to this feature, such vines attract attention and allow the most effective and lush decoration of a vertical surface with supports. But flowering or fruiting of such plants may not start from the first year of cultivation, so the gardener should have patience.
This evergreen or deciduous shrub with climbing sprouts up to 6 m tall can grow beside fences and walls. The color of its unusual graceful flowers varies depending on the species and cultivar and can be white, yellow or red. The flowers may exude a pleasant fragrance or be odorless. The orange-red berries of ornamental honeysuckle that set after they bloom are considered inedible.
- The shrub requires a light or semi-shady place;
- For planting the shrub is suitable in the fall or spring. Between individual specimens, keep a meter distance;
- Honeysuckle is undemanding but needs sufficient moisture and nutrients. Water with warm water;
- To make bushes grow lusher and bloom more abundantly, bushes older than a year should be pruned in early spring or in late autumn, after leaf fall.
The frost resistance of the plant is considered average, so not all climbing honeysuckle can successfully take root in a temperate climate. Before the beginning of cold weather, the plantings are watered abundantly to provide them with moisture, and then the roots of the bushes are well covered.
The large beautiful flowers of clematis make this liana especially attractive, and the wide range allows you to choose a variety of flowers of the desired color. In addition to their appearance, clematis is also attractive for their unpretentiousness.
- Bushes are light-loving, but need protection from the wind;
- When planting between plants, maintain a distance of about half a meter;
- The plant is damp-loving and in normal times implies watering about 2 times a week;
- Clematis has both vines and shrubs with straight, non-woody shoots.
Many species of clematis survive the winter well, in preparation the bushes are cleaned of dried or yellowed leaves. In addition, it is recommended to insulate the root system.
The Pleated Rose
The pleated roses allow you to make the garden especially romantic. Bright flowers exude a pleasant fragrance, and the shoots can entwine arbors, arches, or fences. Unlike clematis, this rose can not weave itself, so on the support, it will have to strengthen it independently, giving the stems the desired direction. The timing of the flowering of climbing roses directly depends on the variety, but most often the period of appearance of flowers is in June. Although the rose does not impose too many conditions for good growth, certain rules still need to be known.
- Too wet corners of the garden can be destructive for the bushes, so stagnant water at the roots should not be allowed, thinking out a system of drainage in advance;
- For planting, prepare pits with a depth of 55 cm;
- Roses will develop best on loose and fertile soil;
- To form a more neat bush, carry out pruning of the side stems;
- With proper preparation, such roses survive even frosty winters well. For the winter, all dry flowers and parts of the stems are removed from the branches, remove the bush from the supports, lay on the ground, and cover.
This liana combines decorative qualities with useful ones. Lemongrass produces numerous green leaves and fragrant white-pink flowers that turn into edible red berries.
- The best time for planting lemongrass is spring. Keep a distance of about 1 m between the bushes;
- Lemongrass will need nutritious soil. The soil should also be well permeable and have a drainage layer;
- Plantings are regularly watered, and the leaves are sprayed or sprinkled;
- Pruning the lemongrass should be done after the end of flowering;
- For the winter, the root system of the plantings should be additionally insulated by throwing it with fallen leaves.
Fruiting of the lemongrass begins with 6-7 years of cultivation. By this time, the bush grows significantly. The ripening period of berries is in early autumn. When fresh they are not very tasty but can be used for making jams, syrups, and other drinks as well as medicinal preparations.
Wisteria’s bouquet of inflorescences looks incredibly attractive, but the ever-increasing mass of its fast-growing shoots requires reliable support and regular pruning. The color of the flowers depends on the species and variety. The flowering period may be in spring or late summer. Some plants bloom twice a season.
- Wisteria plants are planted in spring or autumn, choosing a spacious and sufficiently light and warm area for the bush;
- The heaviness of wisteria shoots makes the plant unsuitable for landscaping old, not too strong fences. Nor should the shrubs be planted near walls; the stems can damage gutters;
- Although the stems can wiggle on their own, they should be guided and anchored to make it easier to remove the shoots from the support before overwintering;
- Plants do not like overwatered soil. By autumn, stop watering wisteria at all;
- Wisteria foliage can be sprayed in the summer heat;
- For abundant flowering, bushes should be periodically trimmed by shortening last year’s branches and removing lateral growth;
Wisteria species are frost-resistant, but most are heat-loving and need to be covered. They are removed from their supports, placed on a boardwalk, and then covered with earth, lapnik, or covering material. Young plants are especially in need of protection. Mature bushes with woody shoots are left on the support.
The bright flowers of this liana can be red, orange, or pink. Its shoots can be up to 15 m long, so campsis can be used to decorate the tallest fences. Campsis flowering lasts almost all summer. But the plant should be kept away from houses – the flowers attract many different insects. In addition, the aerial roots with which the liana clings to the support are able to take root in the cracks of buildings. Sometimes the unpretentiousness and vitality of campsis turn it into a real weed, so the place for growing such a flower should be limited in advance.
- The bushes will need loose and nutritious soil to form flowers;
- Planting the heat-loving liana is engaged in April-May;
- Campsis can tolerate a short drought, but you should not leave it without moisture for a long time;
- Pruning the liana is done in early spring.
Campsies are considered moderately frost-resistant plants, but may not endure long and harsh winters, so in such regions, the lianas are covered by lowering them from their supports, or wrapping them directly on them.
This beautiful liana lives up to its name, so it should be kept away from garden trees. Braiding similar plants, drevogubets literally grows into the bark, leading to the death of the “support”. But on a metal trellis, the liana will not cause any harm to other plantings. Its foliage changes its green color to light golden by autumn, and the bushes form ornate orange-red fruits.
- The bushes can be planted both in the sun and in the penumbra. Their shoots can grow a couple of meters long in a year;
- The plant requires regular watering and loosening;
- Over the summer the plants are fed at least three times, this will allow the foliage to get a richer color;
- In the spring, sanitary pruning, removing dry foliage and thinning the shoots;
- The bright flowers of the liana are not noticeable, but during the flowering period the bushes exude a pleasant fragrance;
- At the risk of low snow and frosty winters, cover the root area with peat or fallen leaves.
Drevogubets is tenacious, resistant to disease, but not too aggressive: its rhizomes do not sprawl around. Although you should remember that the berries of the plant are poisonous, and the above-ground part has considerable weight and needs strong support.
Such a plant can not only decorate the fence or arbor but also bring edible fruits. But to do this, the grape must be taken care of more carefully.
- Of particular importance when growing this woody liana is the composition of the soil. Grapes prefer acidic soil, and an excess of lime will have a bad effect on the health of the plant;
- Liana is moisture-loving and needs regular watering;
- Berries are characterized by dark purple or blue coloring and small (up to 1.2 cm) size. They taste sour-sweet;
- To get a harvest from such a vine, you need to plant it in sunny places, it will protect the berries from many diseases.
This type of grape is considered one of the most frost-resistant, withstanding a drop in temperature to -45 degrees, so the planting will not need complex sheltering.